Account Structure Comparison Grid

Account Structures for Traders and Investors



Individual, Joint, Trust, IRA and UGMA/UTMA Accounts

Individuals Joint Trust IRA UGMA/UTMA
Customer Description A single account holder. Two account holders. Can be one of three types: Tenants with Rights of Survivorship, Tenancy in Common, or Community Property. A legally established entity in which assets are held by one party for the benefit of another party. Individual Retirement Account, available to individual US tax residents only. An individual or entity who manages an account for a minor until that minor reaches a specific age. Available to US residents only.
Account Description Assets held in a single account owned by a single account holder. Assets held in a single account owned by two account holders. A single account controlled by a Trustee with Settlors and Grantors. Same as Individuals. Assets held in a single account managed by a single Custodian user.
Trading Access & Account Management Account holder has access to all functions. Can add additional users with a Power of Attorney. Both account holders have access to all functions. Can add additional users with a Power of Attorney. One or more trustees have access to all functions. Same as Individuals. Individual (Custodian) has access to all functions.
Margin Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Same as Individuals. Same as Individuals. Same as Individuals. Same as Individuals.


Friends and Family Group Account

Customer Description An advisor who is exempt from registration and has 15 or fewer clients.
Account Description A master account linked to individual client accounts. The master account is used for fee collection and trade allocations. The advisor can open a single client account for his or her own trading.
Client Markups % of equity, flat fee, % of P&L, fee per trade, and manual billing. Note that client markups differ for advisors under IB UK jurisdiction.
Trading Access & Account Management The advisor has access to trading and most Account Management functions. Clients do not have access to trading but have access to all Account Management functions.
Margin Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Each client account is individually margined.


Family Office Account

Customer Description An individual who is a Family Office Manager.
Account Description master account linked to multiple client accounts.
Client Markups % of equity, flat fee, % of P&L, fee per trade, and manual billing.
Trading Access & Account Management Family Office Manager can access some or all accounts or functions. Client users can trade and directly fund and view statements.
Margin Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Each client account is individually margined.
Pre-Trade Allocations Family Office Manager can pre-trade allocate account %, % of equity, or % of positions.


Small Business Account

Customer Description A small business corporation, partnership, limited liability company or unincorporated legal structure.
Account Description A single account which holds assets owned by the entity account holder.
Trading Access & Account Management Users can be configured to have some or all trading and Account Management functions.
Margin Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available.


Account Structures for Institutions



Advisor Account

Customer Description An Individual or Organization Registered Advisor that manages both client administration (Wealth Management) and the client's money (Money Management).
Account Description A master account linked to individual or organization client accounts.The master account is used for fee collection and trade allocations. The advisor can open a single account for his or her own trading. The account can be white branded with the advisor's corporate identity.
Client Markups % of equity, flat fee, % of P&L, fee per trade, and manual billing.
Trading Access & Account Management The advisor has access to trading and most Account Management functions. Organization Advisors can have multiple users, each with access to different functions and jurisdiction over different client accounts. By default, client do not have access to trading, but client trading can be enabled. Clients have access to all Account Management functions.
Margin Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Each client account is individually margined.
Pre-Trade Allocations Advisor(s) can pre-trade allocate cleared trades by account %, % of equity, or % of positions.
Multiple Tiers Advisors have the ability to add a Separate Trading Limit account (STL) under the master account.


Money Manager Account

Customer Description An Individual or Organization Registered Advisor that is hired on behalf of another advisor (Wealth Manager) to manage some or all of their client's money.
Account Description A new separate client account is opened for any client for whom a Money Manager manages money. Money Managers can manage money across multiple advisors (Wealth Managers) and their clients.
Client Markups % of equity, flat fee, % of P&L, fee per trade, and manual billing, set by the advisor (Wealth Manager).
Trading Access & Account Management The Money Manager has access to trading only. Assets are moved to the Money Manager client account by the Advisor (Wealth Manager). Organization Money Managers can have multiple trading users, each with jurisdiction over different client accounts.
Margin The Money Manage client account inherits the margin type from the client's Wealth Manager client account. The Wealth Manager and Money Manager client accounts are margined separately.
Pre-Trade Allocations Same as Advisors
Multiple Tiers Not available.


Broker & FCM Accounts

Fully Disclosed Non-Disclosed Omnibus
Customer Description A Registered Broker or FCM that provides marketing and advice to clients. We provide all other functions, including client registration, trade execution/clearing and reporting. Same as Fully Disclosed Broker with the exception that the client broker provides client record keeping and compliance functions. We also must maintain the same client information for tax reporting and regulatory purposes. Same as Non-Disclosed Broker with the exception that we do not separate the individual client trading activity.
Account Description A master account linked to an individual or organization client accounts. The master account is used for fee collection. The broker can open a single proprietary trading account. The account can be white branded with the broker's corporate identity. Same as Fully Disclosed with the exception that clients must sign disclosures with the non-disclosed broker. A master account with a linked long account a linked short account. These two accounts are required as customer trading cannot be netted.
Client Markups Fee per trade. Same as Fully Disclosed Broker. Not Available.
Trading Access & Account Management The broker has access most Account Management functions. Brokers can have multiple users, each with access to different functions and jurisdiction over different client accounts. Clients have access to all trading and Account Management functions. Same as Fully Disclosed Broker. Same as Fully Disclosed Broker.
Margin Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Each client account is individually margined. Same as Fully Disclosed Broker. Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Long account and short account are margined separately.
Pre-Trade Allocations Not Available. Same as Fully Disclosed Broker. Same as Fully Disclosed Broker.
Multiple Tiers Brokers have the ability to add an advisor account with clients or a Separate Trading Limit account (STL) under the master account. Not Available. Same as Non-Disclosed Broker.


Proprietary Trading Group Accounts

Pool Separate Trading Limit
Customer Description A corporation, partnership, limited liability company or unincorporated legal structure. Same as Pool.
Account Description Single account which holds assets owned by the entity account holder. Multiple, linked accounts all in the name of a single entity. Assets in all accounts are owned by the entity account holder. Each account has its own trading limits and can have its own trading strategy.
Trading Access & Account Management One or more users. Users can be configures to have some or all trading and Account Management functions. Master user(s) are designated and can be configured to have some or all trading and Account Management functions. Sub account users only access to their single account functions.
Margin Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. At trade initiation, each sub account is margined separately. For maintenance and liquidation purposes, all accounts are consolidated.


Hedge & Mutual Fund Accounts

Single Multiple Allocation (Give-Up)
Customer Description A single fund managed by an investment manager. Multiple funds managed by an investment manager. Multiple co-mingled funds managed by an investment manager. Investment manager maintains individual fund activity function separately or gives up to a third-party prime broker.
Account Description A single account with one or more users. Configuring authorized trader sub accounts adds the ability to maintain multiple sub accounts for different strategies. A master fund admin account linked to multiple individual fund accounts. The master account is used for trade allocations. Individual client accounts can also be opened under the master account. A single allocation account for trade executions that allows for end of day give-up of trades to accounts at third-party prime brokers.
Client Markups Soft Dollars for five different commission tiers available. Same as Single Fund. Same as Single Fund.
Trading Access & Account Management Users can be configured to have some or all trading and Account Management functions. Master fund admin users have access to some or all funds or functions. Each fund can have its own set of users with access to some or all Account Management Functions. Fund investment manager(s) has access to some or all functions.
Margin Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. Each fund account is individually margined. Cash, Reg T and Portfolio Margin are available. All fund trades are consolidated and margined together.
Pre-Trade Allocations Not Available. Master fund admin users can pre-trade allocate by account %, % of equity, or % of positions. Not Available.


Compliance Officers

EmployeeTrack
Customer Description Any organization that needs to monitor all or some of their employees' trading activity.
Account Description A single account linked to multiple individual, joint, trust and IRA employee accounts for the purpose of monitoring their trading activity.
Trading Access & Account Management Trading is completely controlled by the broker employee with Compliance access to trade activity.
Margin Not applicable.


Administrators

Customer Description Any organization that provides third-party administrative services to other institution accounts. The services offered by such an organization might include auditing, accounting and legal counsel.
Account Description A single account linked to multiple Advisor, Single or Multiple Hedge Fund, and Proprietary Trading Group accounts for the purpose of providing reporting and other administrative functions to one or more client, fund or sub accounts.
Trading Access & Account Management An Administrator cannot trade and has no access to IB trading platforms. An Administrator logs into Account Management once to perform reporting functions for the multiple client, fund and sub accounts to which he or she is assigned.
Margin Not Applicable.